Personal Preparedness

I. General Preparedness
• Personal /home preparedness kit checklist
• Water, one gallon of water per person per day for at least 3 days
• 3 day food supply of non-perishable food
• Flash light and extra batteries
• Battery powered radio and extra batteries
• First aid kit
• Whistle to signal for help
• Filter mask or cotton t-shirt to help filter air
• Moist disposable napkins for sanitation
• Manual can opener (if food kit contains canned food)
• Plastic sheeting and duct tape
• Garbage bags and plastic ties
• Local maps
• Cell phone/charger
• Unique family needs (prescription medication, infant formula, diapers, and important documents)

II. Emergency Plan

Emergency planning can be a critical part of surviving a disaster, therefore when developing your plan it is important to consider the needs of each individual in your family. Since all families are different your family emergency plan should be customized to fit the needs of your family. Your plan should include strategies surrounding places that are a part of your and other family members’ everyday life, such as school, work, church, or day care. Making sure all family members are knowledgeable of the plan is extremely important since you may not be with them in a time of crisis

III. Communication plan

A communication plan should be developed between family members so that each member understands how to get valuable information in a time of crisis. A designated contact person should be part of your plan. Other things to remember about communication in a time of crisis include:

1. Avoid making non-emergency calls.
2. Make sure your entire household knows necessary emergency contact information.
3. Designate an out-of-area contact person. Family members should call this person to report their locations if they cannot reach each other. Provide your contact person with important names and numbers so he or she can assist in keeping others posted on your situation, and let your friends and family know whom they can contact to check on you in case of an emergency.
4. Long distance lines often work even if local phone lines do not.
5. Cell phone networks are often overwhelmed during an emergency; do not rely on using your cell phone for calls.
6. Text messaging on cell phones sometimes works even when the network is overwhelmed.
7. Make sure you have at least one phone in your house that does not require electricity to work. Cordless phones and most business phone systems do require electricity.
8. Program an I.C.E. (In-Case-of-Emergency) point of contact into your cell phone in case you are incapacitated. This should be a family member or close friend.

Cathy FergusonPersonal Preparedness